Tanzania: Implementation of Fydp – Land sector, pillar of economic growth
THE Development Vision 2025 describes Tanzania’s development aspirations, with the land sector playing a central role.
It is expected that by 2025 Tanzania will have transformed into a middle income country characterized by high quality livelihoods, peace, stability, unity and good governance.
Through its Vision 2025, which was developed in the late 1990s to guide economic and social development efforts, Tanzania envisions having a well-educated and learning society, a competitive economy capable of producing sustainable growth and shared benefits, and a diversified semi-industrialized economy. with an important industrial sector.
The land sector is essential to achieve the socio-economic transformation described in Vision 2025, which is implemented through various programs, including the Long Term Perspective Plan 2011/12 – 2025/26, the execution of which has been been divided into three phases of the five-year plan. National development plans.
Throughout the implementation of the Vision, the land sector continued to grow and became a pillar and a favorable sector for investment and production in the agricultural, industrial, construction, construction, livestock, fisheries, natural resources, energy, mining and infrastructure, with Tanzania obtaining in advance the status of middle income country.
This has significantly contributed to the increase in employment for citizens, per capita income, government revenues and the growth of gross domestic product (GDP) in general.
The three phases of the five-year national development plans have in one way or another seen the land sector as crucial for economic growth, which is why the government has devoted more efforts to the development of this key sector.
The first phase of the National Five-Year Development Plan 2011/12 – 2015/16, which had as its theme “unleashing growth potentials by eliminating constraining constraints to growth”, included resolving the land crisis.
Notable successes have been recorded, with overall implementation reaching around 60% of planned targets.
The second five-year national development plan (2016/17 – 2020/21) focused on promoting industrialization for economic transformation and human development, all of which required sufficient land for investment.
This period was also marked by immense achievements, notably the growth rate of production activities and the improvement of access to social services.
The third and last Five-Year National Development Plan (2021/22 – 2025/26), on the theme; “Achieving Competitiveness and Industrialization for Human Development” seeks to increase the efficiency and productivity of manufacturing using available resources, including the abundant land in the country.
The Minister of Lands, Housing and Human Settlements Development, Mr. William Lukuvi, said that in order to continue improving land sector services in the country, the ministry has implemented a program of planning, surveying and titling of each plot of land.
The program, he said, was implemented in collaboration with planning authorities, the private sector and development partners.
Likewise, the minister said, his ministry continued to prepare and oversee the implementation of the guidelines for assessment and compensation, planning, surveying, formalization, titling, land registration and land registration. construction of affordable, quality homes.
Land use planning and surveying should focus more on town planning, control and management of land and urban development in administrative areas, provision of land services and facilitating access to land, according to Mr. Lukuvi. affordable plots and farms.
The land administration seeks to ensure that all land in the country is identified, planned, surveyed and titled with the aim of improving housing services, investments, security of tenure, increasing public revenue and thus to stimulate the GDP.
To achieve this goal, Minister Lukuvi said his ministry has continued to improve the delivery of land services to the population by improving land offices in the 26 regions of the country.
The short-term establishment of the regional land offices made it possible to provide all the services of planning and surveying, tenure, appraisal, registration of title deeds and documents.
Citizens were able to obtain title deeds on time, reduce travel costs to monitor services and resolve disputes.
“With the establishment of these offices there has been an increase in services, for example, the plot survey increased from 222,849 in 2019/20 to 409,150 in May 2021, while the registration of titles of ownership increased from 37,870 in 2019/20 to 56,390 May 2021 ”, specifies the Minister.
In addition, he said, the ministry continued to empower regional land offices by providing them with the necessary tools, financial resources, personnel as well as the installation of information and communication technology (ICT) systems. to increase the efficiency of service delivery.
The minister further specifies that the ministry is also continuing to implement the formalization and informal housing program (2013-2020).
The objective of the program is to ensure security of tenure and facilitate access to land for essential social services and infrastructure in a participatory manner, in accordance with land sector policies, laws, regulations and guidelines.
For example, according to Minister Lukuvi, in fiscal year 2020/21, the ministry promised to continue to coordinate the formalization of housing activities to be implemented by the planning authorities of the country.
As of May 15, 2021, he said, the ministry, in collaboration with planning authorities, had prepared 2,279 formalization plans with a total of 760,092 plots in various municipalities across the country and the procedures for issuing property titles were underway. various stages.
Thus, he explains, the ministry will continue to fulfill its responsibilities in accordance with the National Development Vision 2025, the third five-year national development plan (2021/22 – 2025/26), among other policy documents, as well as as laws, regulations and directives governing the land sector.
“My ministry will continue to carefully implement the issues contained in the documents and orientations relating to the land sector from year to year to achieve the objectives set by the government,” he declared.
The objective of the ministry is to reform the provision of services closer to the population by strengthening and increasing the use of ICT in the land sector, by identifying plots of land in a simple and participatory way; carry out tenure inspections; build strong surveying systems and support public revenue collection.
Minister Lukuvi added that land is a major resource for society and its use is transversal, so development in various sectors of the country depends on land.
He argues that they would continue to identify, plan, survey and assign titles, measures that are solutions to reduce land use conflicts.
He also said the government will continue to recognize and verify investments in land to realize their contribution to the country’s economy.
Over the next five years, the ministry aims to survey approximately 37 percent of the land for investment, housing, trade and other land uses.
“This objective will be achieved through the implementation of various projects within the planning authorities in collaboration with local government authorities and other stakeholders under the coordination of the ministry,” said the minister.
In order to meet the targets of the Third Five-Year National Development Plan 2021 / 22-2025 / 26 and the CCM Manifesto 2020-2025, the minister said the ministry will implement various priority areas over the next five years.
These areas include the identification, planning, surveying, titling of 2,500,000 urban plots and issuance of 2,600,000 customary land titles and preparation of ambitious land use plans, urban development, areas. geographic, islands, coastal areas and land use for investment.
Others are increasing investment in low-cost housing construction, improving the ICT land management system, harmonizing land management systems and development plans for other land use sectors, and promoting land use. use of ICT in surveying.
With regard to town planning, housing and the development of human settlements, the strategic orientation of the Plan will be to ensure land tenure security for economic agents and to promote urban settlements planned and serviced with operational town planning procedures.
Interventions in this section, which include the promotion and facilitation of planning, surveying and allocation of land titles for investment and human settlements and the preparation of urban, island and urban development master plans. coastal, will also address the critical implications of the rapid growth of the urban population on settlements.
Other interventions include establishing affordable housing programs, upgrading and expanding an integrated land management information system, integrating land management and planning systems into other sectoral development plans and to promote the use of ICT in surveying and the issuance of property titles.