Sport in the genre
In the past year, nearly 50% of transgender youth considered suicide. One area that deserves global attention is the massive debate over the rights of trans athletes to participate in sport.
We all know how participation in sport can impact every human being and their education. The internal value is incomparable. A fundamental human right is at stake with the recent debate on the participation of transgender people in competitive sports. In the world of sport, opposing sides of the subject have pushed many laws to act on the issue. Unfortunately, most of the assumptions center around the idea that men who become women create a disadvantage for other female-born competitors. The problem goes much deeper and there are several factors that come into play with this emotional topic. There is a simple moral aspect to the debate which is overlooked by some politicians and legislatures.
Recently, many states have passed bills restricting competition to people who identify as transgender women. States such as Montana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Arkansas, Tennesse, and Idaho are at an advanced stage of converting bills into laws. According to the editor of the Indian Express Nihal Koshie “Republican lawmakers in more than half of the US states are pushing for new laws to ban transgender women / girls from playing for teams in school and college sports. These bills restrict a human right that every human being has, namely the ability to participate in an activity of their choice. Especially in a teenager, the effect that this restriction can have on his education is considerable. “
In an interview with Patrick lyra (they / them), formerly founding director of LGBTQ + programs at Pacific Pride Foundation, Santa Barbara, they expressed how negative it is to take a teenager out of all activity. Patrick Lyra who specializes in early childhood and human development.
“For any teenager who is strongly drawn to an activity be it a sport, a musical, an art – to be excluded from it because of an ingrained, unchanging and absolutely natural part of their identity and brain development – is a wound. powerful ”- Patrick Lyra (they / them)
For many people who enjoy sport, the role it plays is huge. People can potentially assess the negative effects that follow once participation is removed. Discrimination takes many forms. Transgender youth have faced rejection and discrimination for much of their lives, and now that these bans are in play, it only compounds the harm. There are some amazing statistics regarding the stigma and the effects on transgender youth. Many are already victims of physical and sexual harassment and assault. These effects can have a direct impact on their Mental Health. “In 2015, 77% of transgender adults who were absent or perceived to be transgender, while in Kindergarten to Grade 12, reported negative experiences at school.” Patrick Lyra also spoke about how suicide rates can appear in waves in people who experience this form of trauma.
One of the main arguments is that testosterone and hormone levels create a disadvantage that many claim to be the main factor in men having an advantage over cisgender women in sport. Recent studies have been conducted by medical professionals and experts as they attempt to debunk this claim. Through research, many experts have substantiated that the difference in testosterone levels has little or no direct effect on the athletic performance of people who identify as transgender. “Testosterone, whether from a natural endogenous or manufactured exogenous source, has the same chemical structure and biological effects, except for minor differences in isotopic composition, which are biologically insignificant.” Scientist, Joanna harper found that the performance of transgender athletes proved that transgender women who had received treatment to lower their testosterone levels showed no signs of distinguishing in their athletic performance compared to men in various organized races.
The US National College Association of Athletics is concerned about this issue and has contacted a group of recognized researchers, including Dr Bradley Anawalt and Dr Alvin Matsumoto. In their report, they noted that there is no biological advantage in terms of competitive advantage.
In addition to providing more clarity around the concern by noting that “there are, however, many factors that affect the effects of testosterone on athletic performance. For example, individual responsiveness to the effects of testosterone varies. Every person or athlete is different. This distinction correlates with how well they are able to adapt to the positive and negative effects that sport can have on the body.
Cheri Gurse, professor at the University of Antioch in Santa Barbara, obtained her doctorate. in Human Development fully supports the rights of transgender people in sport. She, like Patrick Lyra, believes that there should be no restrictions in the sport. The ethical aspect is obvious and no one’s rights should be taken away. Dr Gurse shared resources regarding the chronology of the history of transgender people and gender conformations that have proven to show this battle has been going on for almost a century. One of the biggest problems is that “we have difficulty with change and we all have confirmation bias.” Gurse alluded to this when explaining why society has struggled to adapt to gender norms. It also talks about how our society is currently engaged in a culture war, and many have binary thinking. Teens who identify as transgender are perfect target and neglected during this war. Their voices are not heard. There are too many mainstream LGBTQ + organizations and transgender activists that focus solely on gay marriage rights, neglecting the psychological and physical effects of these sports restrictions on young people. The need for care is often not found unless you are part of the wealthy community. Resources are too difficult to reach for those seeking treatment, whether it is therapeutic or medical services.
Patrick Lyra also mentioned that sport is essentially a national religion and that culturally we place too much credit on sport. This perception is usually not heard too often, and there are many prejudices that hinder this answer, but there is so much truth to this statement. Sport is considered the holy grail of entertainment in some instances, especially in amateur and professional sports. So why would this so-called almighty be taken from anyone? At the bare minimum, laws, mandates and orders should be changed at all levels of sport: recreational, amateur and professional leagues should explore this issue.
As this issue appears to be gaining more attention, the goal of full inclusion is still a long way off. Regulation of mandates at all levels should be a consideration with legislators and legislators. We have to pay attention to these recent bills that have been passed or are being proposed. Many want to see equality for all people who identify as transgender, whether or not you are an athlete or a human being who hopes to have the freedom to play sport.