Partial Solar Eclipse 2022: Myths and Interesting Facts About Surya Grahan
A solar eclipse or surya grahan occurs when the moon passes in a direct line between the earth and the sun and the moon’s shadow moves over the surface of the earth while sunlight (as seen from the earth) is blocked but that a partial solar eclipse is one where the earth moves through the lunar penumbra as the moon moves between the earth and the sun. It is called “partial” because the moon does not block the entire sun when viewed from Earth.
Did you know that we will see four eclipses this year – two solar and two lunar? A partial solar eclipse is expected to occur on Saturday April 30, 2022 and from where a total eclipse can be seen, the moon’s dark shadow cone, will completely miss Earth and pass about 750 miles or 1,200 kilometers below South Pole.
This will be the second of two new moons in April, colloquially known as the “dark moon”. The partial solar eclipse will be the result of the moon’s outer umbra, or penumbra, scraping off part of the southern hemisphere.
According to Space.com, this partial solar eclipse will be visible near sunset over a swath of the South Pacific and Southern Oceans, as well as southern and western parts of South America, including Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, southern Peru, southern Bolivia, western Paraguay and a small slice of Brazil.
Ahead of the first surya grahan this year, here are some myths and interesting facts about the partial solar eclipse:
1. Eclipses will poison any food prepared during the event.
NASA scientists debunk the myth by saying, “Linked to the misconception of harmful solar rays is that during a total solar eclipse some kind of radiation is produced that will harm your food. If so, the same radiation would harm the food in your pantry or the crops in the field. The basic idea is that total solar eclipses are terrifying and their ghostly green crowns seem spooky, so it’s only natural to want to make up spooky stories about them and look for coincidences among the events around you. If someone is accidentally food poisoned with potato salad during an eclipse, some might say the event was related to the eclipse itself, even though hundreds of other people in the same location were not affected at all.
2. Eclipses are the harbinger of something very serious that is about to happen.
“A classic case of what psychologists call confirmation bias is that we tend to remember all the times when two things happened together, but forget all the other times they didn’t. gives us a skewed view of cause and effect that we easily remember because the human brain is predisposed to seek out and remember patterns that can be used as rules of thumb for survival.Total solar eclipses are not often recorded in historical records, but they tend to be recorded when they coincide with other historical events.For example, in 763 BC, the earliest Assyrian records mention an eclipse in the same passage as an insurrection in the city of Ashur, now known as Qal’at Sherqat in Iraq, suggesting that the ancients linked the two in their minds.Or when King Henry I of A England, son of William the Conqueror, died in 1133 AD, the event coincided with a total solar eclipse. With a little work, you can also find many instances where something good has happened!” says NASA.
3. If you are pregnant you should not watch an eclipse as it may harm your baby
“This is related to the previous misconception that harmful radiation is emitted during a total solar eclipse. Although corona electromagnetic radiation, considered light, is perfectly safe, there is another form of radiation which travels towards the Earth from the Sun.Deep in the solar interior, where nuclear fusion takes place to light up the Sun, particles called neutrinos are born and escape unhindered from the Sun into space. also pass through the solid body of the moon during the eclipse and about a second later they reach Earth and pass through as well!Every second your body is bombarded by trillions of these neutrinos, no matter if the sun is above. above or below the horizon. The only consequence is that every few minutes a few atoms in your body are transmuted into a different isotope by absorbing a neutrino. This is a total effect. harmless and would not harm you, or if you are pregnant, the developing fetus,” NASA reveals.
Some other interesting facts about partial solar eclipse are:
1. Partial solar eclipses can be seen up to 3,000 miles from the “path” of totality.
2. According to physics professor Richard Olenick, Ph.D at the University of Dallas, local animals and birds often go to sleep or behave confusedly during an eclipse and local temperatures often drop 20 degrees or closer to totality.
3. The April 30 partial solar eclipse will see the moon reach a new phase 23 hours and 26 minutes before reaching the node and that will be too far to allow the moon to pass directly in front of the sun. However, it will always be just close enough to allow the moon to cover at least part of the sun.
4. The partial solar eclipse phase can last over an hour.
5. DO NOT LOOK DIRECTLY AT THE SUN or look through a telescope, even with a specialized filter, unless you really know what you are doing, if you are in a viewing area for this solar eclipse or from any other solar eclipse.